Bladder Cancer: Symptoms & SEF Chemo Treatment

Bladder cancer is a common type of cancer that begins when cells that make up the urinary bladder start to grow out of control. As more cancer cells develop, they can form a tumor and, with time, spread to other parts of the body.

Healthy urothelial cells in the bladder lining

Bladder cancer most often begins in the cells (urothelial cells) that line the inside of your bladder. Urothelial cells are also found in your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) that connect the kidneys to the bladder. Urothelial cancer can happen in the kidneys and ureters, too, but it’s much more common in the bladder.

Most bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is highly treatable. But even early-stage bladder cancers can come back after successful treatment. For this reason, people with bladder cancer typically need follow-up tests for years after treatment to look for bladder cancer that recurs.

>> Learn more on the types of bladder cancer


Bladder cancer signs and symptoms may include:

  • Blood in urine (hematuria), which may cause urine to appear bright red or cola colored, though sometimes the urine appears normal and blood is detected on a lab test
  • Frequent urination
  • Painful urination
  • Back pain

>> Learn more about bladder cancer stages

When to see a doctor

If you notice that you have discolored urine and are concerned it may contain blood, make an appointment with your doctor to get it checked. Also make an appointment with your doctor if you have other signs or symptoms that worry you.

Side Effect-Free Chemotherapy Treatment

SEF Chemo has had great success with bladder cancer. John, a 49-year-old patient with bladder cancer, had surgery at Stanford, but the cancer recurred in less than a year. He was then told that even with the best conventional chemotherapy followed by removal of his bladder, he would not live another year. That was in August of 2015. He underwent 10-cycles of SEF Chemo without suffering any side effects. He remains alive today without a trace of cancer. For his full story, please see the testimonial page.

>> Learn more about SEF Chemo